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US Supreme Court reverses Wisconsin court ruling on legislative maps – JURIST

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On Wednesday, the US Supreme Court reversed a Wisconsin Supreme Court decision that selected state legislative districts drawn by the governor and allowed use of the governor’s congressional district map. The 2020 census revealed changes in population that required redrawing of Wisconsin’s electoral maps. The Republican-dominated legislature proposed new maps, which were vetoed by Democratic Gov. Tony Evers. The Wisconsin Supreme Court was asked to intervene and ultimately selected Evers’ state legislative maps, creating an additional majority black district. The governor argued that this was necessary to comply with the Voting Rights Act (VRA), but lawmakers argued that this violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution. had misapplied Supreme Court decisions on balancing the VRA with the Equal Protection Clause by accepting the governor’s state legislative maps. -the black district would deny black voters equal political opportunity. Answering that question requires an “‘intensely local assessment’ of the questioned district.” … When the Wisconsin Supreme Court strove to conduct a full and strict scrutiny analysis, it did not do so correctly under our precedent, and its ruling cannot stand. Judge Sonia Sotomayor presented a dissenting opinion, accompanied by Judge Elena Kagan. The court’s action today is unprecedented. In an emergency posture, the Court summarily overturns a Wisconsin Supreme Court decision resolving a conflict over the State’s redistricting, a decision rendered after a 5-month process involving all stakeholders. Although summary reversals are generally reserved for decisions that violate established law, the Court today blames the State Supreme Court for failing to fulfill an obligation that, according to existing precedent, is, at best, confused. While the Supreme Court reversed the Wisconsin court’s decision regarding state legislative maps, Judge Amy Coney Barrett denied a request to block the imposition of the governor’s congressional district map. That order was issued without comment, allowing the Wisconsin court’s decision to stand for now. Wisconsin’s primary election is scheduled for August 9 and the general election for November 8. Meanwhile, the Supreme Court must consider the role of race in redistricting decisions. in a case involving the map of Alabama’s congressional district.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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German court sentences 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard to 5 years in prison – JURIST

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Germany’s Neuruppin Regional Court in Brandenburg on Tuesday convicted a 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard of 3,518 counts of accessory to murder and sentenced him to five years in prison. Former SS guard Josef Schuetz was indicted for his involvement in the “execution by firing squad of Soviet prisoners of war in 1942” and for operating the gas chambers at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Josef denied all the alleged charges and claimed that he worked as a farm laborer near Pasewalk in northeast Germany. However, the court began the trial last year in October. Judge Udo Lechtermann noted that the defendant “voluntarily supported mass extermination” in his role. He further said: The court is satisfied that you worked as a guard in the concentration camp for about three years, despite your claims to the contrary. You saw how deported people were cruelly tortured and killed there every day for three years. Sachsenhausen saw 200,000 people imprisoned, with at least 30,000 deaths. Joseph is considered the oldest person to be convicted of Holocaust crimes. Previously, a 93-year-old former guard was convicted of 5,232 murders and a 95-year-old former field secretary was charged with 10,000 counts of accessory to murder, rulings pending. Joseph can appeal his sentence to the Federal Court of Justice within a week.

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UN Fact Finding Mission reports serious human rights violations in Libya – JURIST

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The UN Independent Fact Finding Mission (IFFM) on Libya reported Wednesday that Libyan authorities have committed crimes against humanity, war crimes and serious human rights violations under international law. The FFM was formed in June 2020 to document human rights violations in Libya and to ensure that those responsible are held accountable. FFM conducted 103 interviews with victims and witnesses during its investigation. FFM documented 27 places of detention in the eastern and western parts of Libya and reported that migrants were subjected to the “systematic use of prolonged arbitrary detention”, including the detention of thousands of migrants in secret and extra-legal prisons. The report highlights the atrocities of women facing sexual violence by human smugglers and smugglers for extorting money from their families and documents more cases of rape in places of detention or captivity in which migrant women are forced to have sex. to survive, in exchange for food or other essential goods. articles.FFM with the use of UNOSAT satellite image-based analysis documented the atrocities during the reign of the Al-Kaniyat militia in Tarhuna, Tripolitania region, and reported the discovery of new uncovered mass graves.Mohammad Aujjar, president of the FFM He said: The mission calls on the international community to support the relevant Libyan authorities in conducting prompt investigations, in accordance with international standards, into the alleged violations and bringing those responsible to justice. The goal is to end the prevailing impunity in the face of clear and persistent patterns of serious human rights violations, in many cases perpetrated by militia groups… Now more than ever, the Libyan people need a strong commitment to help bring peace and justice to his country, and establish a state based on the rule of law and human rights. The FFM published its first report on Libya in October 2022, and then published a follow-up report in March 2022.

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