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UN human rights office confirms 2,909 victims in Ukraine – JURIST

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The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) confirmed on Sunday that there have been 2,909 civilian casualties in Ukraine since Russia invaded the country on February 24. Of the 2,909 caught in the crossfire, 1,119 have died and 1,790 have been injured. the figures reflect casualties that occurred between February 24 and March 26. According to the report, the majority of recorded civilian casualties were due to “the use of explosive weapons with a wide impact area, including heavy artillery shelling and multiple rocket launch systems, and missile and air strikes.” The report provides details of the victims broken down by region, gender and age. There have been 1,281 casualties in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, with 995 casualties in government-controlled territory and 286 in territory controlled by self-proclaimed “republics.” In other regions such as the capital city of kyiv, Odessa and Sumy there have been 1,628 victims. Among the 1,119 killed, there were 224 men, 168 women, 15 girls and 32 boys. Among the 1,790 injured, there were 201 men, 150 women, 32 girls and 24 boys. OHCHR also noted that the report of the Ukrainian Prosecutor General’s Office reported that 143 children had been killed and 216 injured. Ukraine’s Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova said 12 journalists have been killed and 10 injured. OHCHR believes that the true number of victims is considerably higher, as information reports from certain regions, including Mariupol and Volnovakha, facing intense hostilities, are still awaiting corroboration. The number of casualties has prompted accusations of war crimes against Russia. According to US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, “a review of available information from public and intelligence sources” has revealed that Russia has committed war crimes. The head of the Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, Matilda Bogner, said in a statement on Friday: The extent of civilian casualties and the destruction of civilian property strongly suggests that the principles of distinction, proportionality, the rule on precautions feasible and the prohibition of indiscriminate attacks attacks have been violated. . . [W]We are also investigating allegations of indiscriminate shelling by the Ukrainian armed forces in Donetsk and other territories controlled by self-proclaimed ‘republics’. These attacks cause immeasurable human suffering and may amount to war crimes, and they must stop.

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US Supreme Court Adds Controversial Election Case to October 2022 Docket – JURIST

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The US Supreme Court announced Thursday that it will hear a controversial election case dealing with an emerging legal theory based on the election clause of the US Constitution. The theory claims that, under the election clause, State legislatures have unlimited power to determine electoral policy and implementation, and that state courts or state constitutions cannot control that power. map, which was previously struck down by state courts and replaced with a court-ordered map to be used for the 2022 midterm elections. The court found that the original map violated the clause in the state constitution that protects the fairness of the election by giving Republicans an unfair advantage. The court previously declined to hear the emergency case, but Justices Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Clarence Thomas signaled a willingness to consider the new legal theory in their dissent. Judge Alito, writing in the dissent, said: Both sides make serious arguments, but based on the report we have received, my opinion is that the petitioners’ argument is stronger. The question being presented is one of federal and not state law because the state legislature, in enacting rules for congressional elections, is acting pursuant to a constitutional mandate under the Electoral Clause. Carolyn Shapiro, a law professor and founder and co-director of the Chicago-Kent College of the US Supreme Court Law Institute, took issue with the Justice’s interpretation, saying that “legislatures are created by constitutions. Their powers are defined by the constitutions. How those powers interact with other branches of state government is defined by state constitutions. The limitations of those powers are defined by state constitutions.”

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Trump Affiliated Businessman Sentenced to 20 Months in Prison for Political Donation Crimes – JURIST

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The Justice Department said Wednesday that Lev Parnas, a businessman involved in the Trump-Ukraine affair, was sentenced to 20 months in prison on multiple counts related to soliciting donations from a foreign national. Parnas was convicted on charges of “conspiring to make political contributions of a foreign national in conjunction with soliciting and aiding and abetting the making thereof, conspiracy to make fictitious donations, participation in a wire fraud conspiracy, and making false statements and falsifying records. Parnas will also pay more than $2 million in restitution. The charges of making political contributions by a foreign national stem from events that occurred in March 2018. Parnas and other associates wanted to launch a business to obtain retail marijuana licenses in the US. The group turned over hundreds of thousands of dollars in political contributions before the 2018 election to curry favor with anyone who could help Parnas and his associates obtain these licenses. Parnas and an associate made a donation of $325,000 and falsely claimed that the donation was from Global Power Producers (GEP). Parnas also lied about the fact that he was receiving bogus donations and the contributions were not his own money. The fraud guarantee charges are from between 2012 and 2019. Parnas planned to defraud several people by convincing them to invest in his company. He said the contributions would be used solely for his business. Instead, the payments were withdrawn in cash, placed in personal bank accounts, and used for personal expenses. Damian Williams, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, stated: “Parnas also defrauded the American public by pumping Russian money into US elections and lying about the origin of funds for political contributions. My office will continue to aggressively prosecute those who put their personal and financial benefit above their country and their investors.” The office’s Public Corruption Unit is handling the Parnas case.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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