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UN human rights experts urge UAE to release British businessman detained since 2008 – JURIST

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The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention has urged the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to immediately release Ryan Cornelius, a British businessman detained in the country since 2008 on fraud charges. The opinion is based on submissions made by Cornelius’s UK lawyers. According to the filings, in 2004, CCH, a German finance house, financed Cornelius’s development project and his business partners through a line of credit from Dubai Islamic Bank. CCH and Dubai Islamic Bank entered into a three-year restructuring agreement and payment schedule with Cornelius as guarantor. The assets of Cornelius and the development project were pledged as collateral. Despite adhering to the restructuring agreement, Cornelius and his business partner were allegedly arrested in 2008. Cornelius was subsequently aggressively interrogated and held in solitary confinement without access to legal representation. During his detention, the Dubai Islamic Bank gave notice of breach of the restructuring agreement and then seized his real estate development. While he was detained, he was often in solitary confinement until his trial in 2010. During the trial, the prosecution brought a new charge of “theft from public bodies” against Cornelius after failing to prove the initial fraud charge. The Dubai Islamic Bank was reclassified as a public body, making the loan an “unpaid debt to the state”. After a lengthy trial in April 2011, the court found Cornelius and his business partner guilty of “embezzlement of state funds”. He sentenced them to 10 years in prison and a $500 million fine. The task force was informed that the trial was brief and that Cornelius’s attorney was unable to cross-examine witnesses. Furthermore, the identity of the whistleblower was not disclosed to Cornelius, in violation of Dubai law. The UAE authorities also did not reduce his sentence for his good behavior, available as a legal right. In March 2018, when he had served almost the entirety of his sentence, his prison sentence was extended for a further 20 years through the retroactive application of Dubai Law No. 37 of 2009. He was not granted legal representation during this hearing. . In addition, the prison authorities prevented Cornelius from representing himself in an appeal against the sentence. The Bahrain Dispute Resolution Chamber ruled that the seizure of Cornelius’s assets by the Dubai Islamic Bank meant that his debt was fully settled. The working group transmitted these allegations to the United Arab Emirates, from which it received no response. Human rights experts have found Cornelius’s arrest, solitary confinement, trial, lack of access to legal representation, and retroactive sentencing arbitrary under Categories I and III of the Working Methods of the Working Group. They have called on the United Arab Emirates to conform to relevant international standards and ensure his release.

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US Supreme Court Adds Controversial Election Case to October 2022 Docket – JURIST

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The US Supreme Court announced Thursday that it will hear a controversial election case dealing with an emerging legal theory based on the election clause of the US Constitution. The theory claims that, under the election clause, State legislatures have unlimited power to determine electoral policy and implementation, and that state courts or state constitutions cannot control that power. map, which was previously struck down by state courts and replaced with a court-ordered map to be used for the 2022 midterm elections. The court found that the original map violated the clause in the state constitution that protects the fairness of the election by giving Republicans an unfair advantage. The court previously declined to hear the emergency case, but Justices Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Clarence Thomas signaled a willingness to consider the new legal theory in their dissent. Judge Alito, writing in the dissent, said: Both sides make serious arguments, but based on the report we have received, my opinion is that the petitioners’ argument is stronger. The question being presented is one of federal and not state law because the state legislature, in enacting rules for congressional elections, is acting pursuant to a constitutional mandate under the Electoral Clause. Carolyn Shapiro, a law professor and founder and co-director of the Chicago-Kent College of the US Supreme Court Law Institute, took issue with the Justice’s interpretation, saying that “legislatures are created by constitutions. Their powers are defined by the constitutions. How those powers interact with other branches of state government is defined by state constitutions. The limitations of those powers are defined by state constitutions.”

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Trump Affiliated Businessman Sentenced to 20 Months in Prison for Political Donation Crimes – JURIST

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The Justice Department said Wednesday that Lev Parnas, a businessman involved in the Trump-Ukraine affair, was sentenced to 20 months in prison on multiple counts related to soliciting donations from a foreign national. Parnas was convicted on charges of “conspiring to make political contributions of a foreign national in conjunction with soliciting and aiding and abetting the making thereof, conspiracy to make fictitious donations, participation in a wire fraud conspiracy, and making false statements and falsifying records. Parnas will also pay more than $2 million in restitution. The charges of making political contributions by a foreign national stem from events that occurred in March 2018. Parnas and other associates wanted to launch a business to obtain retail marijuana licenses in the US. The group turned over hundreds of thousands of dollars in political contributions before the 2018 election to curry favor with anyone who could help Parnas and his associates obtain these licenses. Parnas and an associate made a donation of $325,000 and falsely claimed that the donation was from Global Power Producers (GEP). Parnas also lied about the fact that he was receiving bogus donations and the contributions were not his own money. The fraud guarantee charges are from between 2012 and 2019. Parnas planned to defraud several people by convincing them to invest in his company. He said the contributions would be used solely for his business. Instead, the payments were withdrawn in cash, placed in personal bank accounts, and used for personal expenses. Damian Williams, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, stated: “Parnas also defrauded the American public by pumping Russian money into US elections and lying about the origin of funds for political contributions. My office will continue to aggressively prosecute those who put their personal and financial benefit above their country and their investors.” The office’s Public Corruption Unit is handling the Parnas case.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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