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Myanmar Dispatch: ‘We have traveled back in time to a dark past’ – JURIST

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Myanmar law students report for JURIST on the challenges to the rule of law in their country under the military junta that deposed the civilian government of Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2021. Here, one of our correspondents reviews several recent developments in Myanmar , describing in particular detail how the junta-imposed power cuts across the country have pushed the people of Myanmar into conditions that many thought had disappeared long ago. The text has only been slightly edited to respect the author’s voice. I hope that amidst all the news coverage and proper concern about Ukraine and Afghanistan these days, it is not forgotten that Myanmar is still suffering under the military coup that began here on February 1st. 2021. More than a year has passed since that day, but it seems that we have traveled back in time to a dark past of 10 or 15 years ago. This is not a mere metaphor. Rather, it is the “reality” of living in Myanmar now. To dig into this further with an illustration, one day while browsing my Facebook news feed, I saw an online shopper advertising an old sheet metal for sale. You may have never seen this before, or have already forgotten what a metal sheet looks like, so there’s a photo of one with this report. Actually, I had also forgotten what a metal sheet looks like because 13 years ago was the last time. I saw my mom ironing our school uniforms with that metal iron. A decade ago was the time when we had very limited access to electricity and those metal irons were in higher demand than electronic irons. A decade ago we used coal as a source of energy. to cook the daily meals because if we were to wait for the electricity to start cooking, everyone would have to eat breakfast at night. A decade ago, all the kids in my neighborhood yelled “yes” every time the lights came back on at 8pm and they could finally switch on the TV. This description of “A decade ago in Myanmar” applies exactly to “What it’s like to live in Myanmar in 2022″. Our phone and internet bills have skyrocketed to double normal. Electricity bills are extremely high, however, 6 hours is the maximum duration that people in Myanmar can access electricity on a daily basis. If you have a business that requires electronic devices, you will soon be out of business. You can name any fundamental human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but most Myanmar people cannot afford all those human rights in their daily life now, so we have to label them as “luxury”. From the very beginning of the coup, we have said that we cannot allow history to repeat itself. It’s not just about who assumed full authority to run this country. It is also about the suffocating days that have been inflicted on the people of Myanmar. All aspects of our lives, such as standard of living, physical health, mental health, daily income and expenses, education, and employment opportunities have been and are being directly and indirectly restricted by the military junta. As the days go by, we have less room to breathe. This is not just what is happening in the home of a law student reporting this to JURIST. This is what is happening in every household residing in Myanmar RIGHT NOW. Burning down civilian houses This has been reported in previous news from Myanmar. Some might wonder if such cases happen again and again because we hear of at least 5 such cases in a week. The answer is yes.” Yes, the military junta in Myanmar practices the technique of burning villages to torture unarmed civilians, seize civilians’ property, put pressure on local People’s Defense Force fighters hiding nearby, especially in rural areas.The following are the names of the villages where houses have been burned by the junta in the last 3 months of 2022. Pallin Village, Monywa Township, Sagaing Parami Village, Naung Gyi Ai, Ayadaw, Sagaing Ywa Thit Village in Kanbalu Township, Sagaing Banbwe Village, Sehtanthaw Village of Yinmarpin Township, Kwan Taw Village of Yinmarpin Township, Mauk Palin Village, Htan Zin Village of Paungbyin Township, Yinmarpin Nat Chaung Village, Nat Myaunh Village in Kale, Sagaing Taung Kone Village, Marakan Village of Wetlet Township, Tamot Village of Depayin Township, Lepin Village, Paung Te Township, Bago Shwe hlae Village, Chaung U Township, Village Sagaing Thapyay Aye, Pale Township, Sagaing Dookthe Village Hnaw Yoe Village, Pale Township Pauk Pan Phyu Village, Yinmarpin Taungkone Village Yetohkan Village, Wetlet Township, Shwebo Letpantaw Village Hniarlawnthar Kyun Lae Village , Khin U Township Chaung Ma Township, Yinmarpin Maupin Township, ShweBo Myaing Township, Magway Than Taw Kung Township, Ayadaw Township Chaung Yoe Village Sein Sar Village, Taze Township As a result, there were many reports of deaths (you can check the list on Data for Myanmar http://d4m-mm.com/index.php) and hundreds of villagers have been made homeless as they have had to flee their homes. The military junta burns houses for various purposes. Junta soldiers raid villages, use villagers as human shields to locate local PDFs, and loot livestock and other civilian property before burning it down. In Myawaddy and Kawkareik, not only houses but also civilian property such as cars have been burned to disrupt the transportation of food and other goods across the country. The people of Myanmar are urged not to use the roads due to ongoing clashes between military junta and anti-coup forces. The junta shows no mercy towards anyone living in Myanmar. Putting ourselves in the shoes of the owners of those burned houses for a second is unbearably difficult. There are no words to fully describe the misery in the hearts of those people. The Ministry of Justice of the NUG investigates alleged crimes PDF The Ministry of Justice of the “shadow” Government of National Unity (civilian government) is carrying out an investigation process with the Ministry of Military Affairs of the NUG. The Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Military Affairs formed a committee to investigate allegations against certain PDF soldiers in Sagaing Division for the arbitrary killing of innocent civilians in November 2021. The Ministry of Justice reported that there were attempts to cover up these incidents and General Than Mani, a PDF leader in the region, confessed that such incidents might have occurred due to the acts of certain PDF members and said that he would take responsibility if the Ministry found them guilty. this incident, NUG has shown that NUG itself will not accept any type of war crime in times of conflict and NUG has promised to enhance education of all PDF leaders and fellow soldiers on war crimes, combatant code of conduct and relevant international standards. Rules and regulations.

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Trump Affiliated Businessman Sentenced to 20 Months in Prison for Political Donation Crimes – JURIST

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The Justice Department said Wednesday that Lev Parnas, a businessman involved in the Trump-Ukraine affair, was sentenced to 20 months in prison on multiple counts related to soliciting donations from a foreign national. Parnas was convicted on charges of “conspiring to make political contributions of a foreign national in conjunction with soliciting and aiding and abetting the making thereof, conspiracy to make fictitious donations, participation in a wire fraud conspiracy, and making false statements and falsifying records. Parnas will also pay more than $2 million in restitution. The charges of making political contributions by a foreign national stem from events that occurred in March 2018. Parnas and other associates wanted to launch a business to obtain retail marijuana licenses in the US. The group turned over hundreds of thousands of dollars in political contributions before the 2018 election to curry favor with anyone who could help Parnas and his associates obtain these licenses. Parnas and an associate made a donation of $325,000 and falsely claimed that the donation was from Global Power Producers (GEP). Parnas also lied about the fact that he was receiving bogus donations and the contributions were not his own money. The fraud guarantee charges are from between 2012 and 2019. Parnas planned to defraud several people by convincing them to invest in his company. He said the contributions would be used solely for his business. Instead, the payments were withdrawn in cash, placed in personal bank accounts, and used for personal expenses. Damian Williams, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, stated: “Parnas also defrauded the American public by pumping Russian money into US elections and lying about the origin of funds for political contributions. My office will continue to aggressively prosecute those who put their personal and financial benefit above their country and their investors.” The office’s Public Corruption Unit is handling the Parnas case.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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German court sentences 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard to 5 years in prison – JURIST

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Germany’s Neuruppin Regional Court in Brandenburg on Tuesday convicted a 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard of 3,518 counts of accessory to murder and sentenced him to five years in prison. Former SS guard Josef Schuetz was indicted for his involvement in the “execution by firing squad of Soviet prisoners of war in 1942” and for operating the gas chambers at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Josef denied all the alleged charges and claimed that he worked as a farm laborer near Pasewalk in northeast Germany. However, the court began the trial last year in October. Judge Udo Lechtermann noted that the defendant “voluntarily supported mass extermination” in his role. He further said: The court is satisfied that you worked as a guard in the concentration camp for about three years, despite your claims to the contrary. You saw how deported people were cruelly tortured and killed there every day for three years. Sachsenhausen saw 200,000 people imprisoned, with at least 30,000 deaths. Joseph is considered the oldest person to be convicted of Holocaust crimes. Previously, a 93-year-old former guard was convicted of 5,232 murders and a 95-year-old former field secretary was charged with 10,000 counts of accessory to murder, rulings pending. Joseph can appeal his sentence to the Federal Court of Justice within a week.

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