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Latvian Parliament bans symbols of military aggression on public display – JURIST

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The Latvian parliament voted on Thursday to ban the public display of symbols of military aggression and war crimes, including the letters “Z” and “V” and the ribbon of Saint George, which are seen as symbols of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The Public Entertainment and Festive Events Security Law (the Law) already imposes a ban on the wearing of symbols associated with Nazism, fascism, or communism, including flags, dress symbols of the former Soviet or Nazi regimes, amendments recent laws extend this prohibition. to symbols “used in a style that glorifies military aggression.” The Cabinet of Latvia is now required to establish regulations on the list of such symbols. In addition, the Law prohibits events celebrating birthdays of persons associated with Nazi or Communist regimes, battles, and occupations of free and independent territories. It allows municipal authorities to deny permission to hold public events within 200 meters of any monument commemorating Soviet military victories. Violations of this law will also attract a larger fine. However, the Law establishes an exception for the use of symbols or events that are not intended to glorify such regimes or aggression, but rather have educational or artistic purposes, such as exhibitions. According to Artuss Kaimiņš, chairman of the parliamentary committee responsible for advancing the bill, the amendments seek to “send a strong signal” condemning Russia’s war in Ukraine. The letters “Z” and “V”, which Kaimiņš especially mentioned in his statement, have frequently appeared on Russian military vehicles, clothing and in social media posts supporting Russia’s military aggression in Ukraine. Russian gymnast Ivan Kuliak donned sportswear with a “Z” on his chest at the World Cup in Doha, Qatar, early last month. Around the same time, the Russian Defense Ministry explained that “Z” stands for victory, truth or “denazification”, while “V” stands for the phrases “truth is strength” or “the task will be completed”. About 25 percent of Latvia’s population is ethnically Russian. President Eglis Levits and his government maintain that Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania, which is contemplating a similar law, were forcibly annexed by the Soviet Union during World War II.

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Indian court keeps journalist in police custody over tweet – JURIST

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The Delhi Metropolitan Magistrate’s Court on Tuesday ordered journalist and Alt News co-founder Mohammed Zubair to be held in police custody for four days. Zubair was arrested on Monday for the offenses of hurting religious sentiments and inciting enmity under Sections 153 and 295 of the Indian Penal Code. In 2018, Zubair posted a tweet showing a hotel whose name he changed from “Honeymoon Hotel” to “Hanuman Hotel”. Hanuman is a Hindu god. Delhi police arrested him based on a complaint about that tweet, which alleged that Zubair tweeted a “questionable image for the purpose of deliberately insulting the god of a particular religion.” accused for posting the tweet in question will be retrieved at the behest of the accused Mohammed Zubair from his residence in Bangalore, that the accused has not cooperated and (with) the disclosure statement recorded, four days PC (police custody) preventive detention of the accused will be concedes as the accused will be taken to Bangalore. Zubair’s arrest has been condemned by international organizations and national news organizations, including United Nations chief Antonio Guterres, Amnesty International, the Press Club of India and other media outlets.

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US Supreme Court Grants Review of Federal Bankruptcy Case – JURIST

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On Monday, the US Supreme Court agreed to hear MOAC Mall Holdings v. Transform Holdco, a case examining appellate court jurisdiction over sales orders in federal bankruptcy proceedings. The case revolves around the sale and transfer of a lease for a store in a shopping center. In 1991, Sears obtained a lease for a store in the Mall of America in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The lease only cost Sears $10 a year and was supposed to last 100 years. Sears, however, went bankrupt in 2018. As part of federal bankruptcy proceedings, Sears sold its assets and the Mall of America lease was transferred to Transform Holdco LLC, a corporation formed by Sears’ new owners. Mall of America sought to prevent the transfer because they claim that Transform Holdco LLC does not intend to occupy the leased facilities but to sublet them to other companies. Transform Holdco LLC argues that the long-term lease constitutes a substantial portion of the value Sears was sold for in the bankruptcy proceeding. The US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit transferred the lease as it was deemed “integral” to a court-approved bankruptcy sale. Mall of America filed a petition with the US Supreme Court, arguing that a remedy is available that would not affect the validity of the sale. Therefore, according to Mall of America, the appellate court should be allowed to intervene. Transform Holdco LLC responds that no such remedy exists, and that the Second Circuit’s ruling should stand. The US Supreme Court must now determine whether federal bankruptcy law limits appeals on sales orders deemed “comprehensive,” even when a remedy is available that will not affect the validity of the sale. The court is set to hear oral arguments in the case next term.

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US appeals court to rehear challenge to Biden’s COVID-19 vaccine executive order – JURIST

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The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit issued an order on Monday stating that the court will rehear Feds for Medical Freedom v. Biden, a challenge to President Joe Biden’s 2019 executive order that required federal employees to get vaccinated against COVID-19 or face termination. In late May and early June, America First Legal Foundation, America’s Frontline Doctors, Airline Employees For Freedom Health, and an additional group of vaccine plaintiffs filed four amicus briefs in favor of a new full hearing. The plaintiffs in Rodden v. Fauci also filed a class action lawsuit made up of federal employees who contracted COVID-19, developed COVID-19 antibodies, “but remain subject to the federal employee vaccination mandate.” The Rodden plaintiffs argue that Biden and the “agencies he directs have no power to direct the personal medical decisions of federal employees,” and therefore this executive order is like an illegal government mandate. In addition, the group asserts that the panel’s refusal to review executive employment decisions is unlawful and thus protects “the exercise of unlawful governmental power.” In January 2022, a Texas judge blocked Biden’s executive order. Other state judges have also blocked enforcement of the COVID-19 vaccine mandate. In December 2021, a Georgia judge blocked the COVID-19 vaccination mandate for government contractors after the Texas Governor ordered a statewide ban on all COVID-19 vaccination mandates in October 2021 .

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