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Judge rules MLB owes compensation to minor leagues for unpaid wages – JURIST

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The Northern District Court of California ruled Tuesday that Major League Baseball (MLB) violated the minimum wage laws of the states of Arizona and Florida by failing to pay minor league players during spring training, instructional leagues or extended spring training. Chief Magistrate Judge Joseph C. Spero found MLB liable for $1,882,650 in fines to the plaintiffs. The lawsuit was originally filed by first baseman/outfielder Aaron Senne, a 2009 Florida Marlins 10th-round pick who retired in 2013, and two other retired players who had been lower-round picks: infielder Kansas City Michael Liberto and San Francisco. pitcher Oliver Odle. Through his attorney, Senne, Liberto and Odle argued that MLB violated the federal Fair Labor Standards Act and state minimum wage and overtime requirements for an estimated 50- to 60-hour workweek. However, in March 2018, Congress enacted the Save America’s Pastime Act (“SAP”) which amended the Fair Labor Standards Act to exempt baseball players from the statute’s minimum wage and overtime requirements. Following SAP’s enactment, MLB filed an affirmative defense alleging that SAP barred the plaintiffs’ Fair Labor Standards Act claim and the plaintiffs’ claims under all state laws following the Fair Labor Standards Act. On Tuesday, Judge Spero rejected MLB’s affirmative defense and dismissed MLB’s defenses to all of the plaintiffs’ state law claims. Judge Spero further found that travel time to games in both Arizona and Florida is work time eligible for compensation if the players had other activities scheduled before getting on the bus, and travel time for all players of the California League is work time. Furthermore, Judge Spero also stated that the court has already determined that minor league baseball players are employees and not apprentices; therefore, any argument to the contrary is dismissed. “These are not students who were enrolled in a vocational school with the understanding that they would perform services, without compensation, as part of the practical training necessary to complete the training and obtain a license,” Judge Spero wrote. After the ruling was made public, the Advocates for Minor Leaguers steering committee said in a statement: “For decades, minor league players have worked long hours year-round for poverty-level wages… Working as a professional baseball player requires much more than just playing baseball games. . It also requires hours of training, practice and preparation throughout the year, for which we have never been adequately compensated.

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Trump Affiliated Businessman Sentenced to 20 Months in Prison for Political Donation Crimes – JURIST

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The Justice Department said Wednesday that Lev Parnas, a businessman involved in the Trump-Ukraine affair, was sentenced to 20 months in prison on multiple counts related to soliciting donations from a foreign national. Parnas was convicted on charges of “conspiring to make political contributions of a foreign national in conjunction with soliciting and aiding and abetting the making thereof, conspiracy to make fictitious donations, participation in a wire fraud conspiracy, and making false statements and falsifying records. Parnas will also pay more than $2 million in restitution. The charges of making political contributions by a foreign national stem from events that occurred in March 2018. Parnas and other associates wanted to launch a business to obtain retail marijuana licenses in the US. The group turned over hundreds of thousands of dollars in political contributions before the 2018 election to curry favor with anyone who could help Parnas and his associates obtain these licenses. Parnas and an associate made a donation of $325,000 and falsely claimed that the donation was from Global Power Producers (GEP). Parnas also lied about the fact that he was receiving bogus donations and the contributions were not his own money. The fraud guarantee charges are from between 2012 and 2019. Parnas planned to defraud several people by convincing them to invest in his company. He said the contributions would be used solely for his business. Instead, the payments were withdrawn in cash, placed in personal bank accounts, and used for personal expenses. Damian Williams, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, stated: “Parnas also defrauded the American public by pumping Russian money into US elections and lying about the origin of funds for political contributions. My office will continue to aggressively prosecute those who put their personal and financial benefit above their country and their investors.” The office’s Public Corruption Unit is handling the Parnas case.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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German court sentences 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard to 5 years in prison – JURIST

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Germany’s Neuruppin Regional Court in Brandenburg on Tuesday convicted a 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard of 3,518 counts of accessory to murder and sentenced him to five years in prison. Former SS guard Josef Schuetz was indicted for his involvement in the “execution by firing squad of Soviet prisoners of war in 1942” and for operating the gas chambers at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Josef denied all the alleged charges and claimed that he worked as a farm laborer near Pasewalk in northeast Germany. However, the court began the trial last year in October. Judge Udo Lechtermann noted that the defendant “voluntarily supported mass extermination” in his role. He further said: The court is satisfied that you worked as a guard in the concentration camp for about three years, despite your claims to the contrary. You saw how deported people were cruelly tortured and killed there every day for three years. Sachsenhausen saw 200,000 people imprisoned, with at least 30,000 deaths. Joseph is considered the oldest person to be convicted of Holocaust crimes. Previously, a 93-year-old former guard was convicted of 5,232 murders and a 95-year-old former field secretary was charged with 10,000 counts of accessory to murder, rulings pending. Joseph can appeal his sentence to the Federal Court of Justice within a week.

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