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Freedom House report accuses Rwanda of transnational repression – JURIST

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Freedom House released its full report on the transnational crackdown on Thursday, accusing Rwanda of being one of the worst offenders. Transnational repression is a phenomenon in which a country will suppress dissent and attack dissidents outside its borders. The report documented the anti-repression policies of nine countries: Canada, Germany, South Africa, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The report consists of a database of 735 physical, direct and public incidents. of transnational repression that occurred between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2021. Freedom House asserted that transnational repression has been an important part of President Paul Kagame’s regime since he and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) arrived to power in 1994. During the early days of the regime, an RPF colonel and a businessman were assassinated in Kenya in 1996 and former Home Minister Seth Sendashonga was shot dead in 1998. Later, in 2010, General Kayumba Nyamwasa, former Rwandan military man, survived an assassination attempt. in South Africa, and in the same period, two Rwandan exiles in the United Kingdom were threatened by a government hit man. Freedom House’s special report on transnational repression in the United States accuses Rwanda of being among the worst perpetrators of “transnational repression” in the United States. Rwanda is said to include stalking, harassing and threatening exiles. The report also accuses the governments of Iran, China, Egypt, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and other states of aggressively flouting US law to threaten, harass, surveil, stalk, and even conspire to physically harm people across the country. The report highlights an ignominious incident in which Paul Rusesabagina, a US permanent resident and well-known Rwandan activist, was arrested in 2020 while traveling from the Middle East to Burundi, where he landed in Rwanda. Paul was later found guilty of terrorism and sentenced to 25 years in prison in a seriously flawed and highly politicized trial in which he and his legal representative were denied access to evidence and President Kagame publicly denounced him as a criminal. . Carine Rusesabagina, Rusesabagina’s daughter, and other Rwandan dissidents were reported to have been monitored by Pegasus spyware. Isabel Linzer, one of the authors of the report, draws attention to the atrocities in Rwanda. he is one of the most prolific perpetrators of transnational repression in the world. And it certainly hasn’t received the same level of scrutiny as some of those other countries. The UK-Rwanda asylum deal is quite shocking given how often the Rwandan government has persecuted Rwandans in the UK and the UK government is well aware of this. The report concluded that federal law enforcement in the US cracks down, as do efforts to track the problem and engage with diasporas. The FBI has put in place procedures to classify crime records reported to its National Threat Operations Center as transnational law enforcement incidents.

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US Supreme Court Rejects Prison Clerk’s Qualified Immunity Case – JURIST

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On Thursday, the US Supreme Court declined to consider whether jail officials who “unreasonably respond” to “obvious risk” are protected by qualified immunity. Derek Monroe was placed on suicide watch while in a Texas jail by jail administrator Mary Jo Brixey. Monroe attempted suicide. Sheriff Leslie Cogdill reportedly spoke with Monroe and reflected concerns about Monroe’s mental health on his intake form. However, Cogdill and Jesse Laws, the jailer on duty, placed Monroe alone in a cell with a 30-inch rope. According to court documents, “prison policy, prison training, and common sense directed officers not to isolate an inmate known to be suicidal in a cell with an obvious potential ligation.” monroe The petition states that “[c]Requesting emergency assistance was a precaution Laws knew he should have taken. A trial court held that defendants Law, Cogdill and Brixey were not entitled to qualified immunity. However, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals held that the defendants are entitled to qualified immunity. Justice Sotomayor dissented from the court’s denial, calling Laws’ inaction an “inexplicable and unreasonable decision” that showed a “deliberate disregard for Monroe’s life or death.” -medical necessities of death.”

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Uzbekistan: Protests in autonomous republic over proposed constitutional reform – JURIST

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Protests erupted in Nukus, the capital of Uzbekistan’s autonomous republic of Karakalpakstan, on Friday over a proposed constitutional reform. According to a statement from the government of the region: Despite the policy of openness and free expression of will followed by the Republic of Uzbekistan, on July 1, 2022 in Nukus, a criminal group of people organized illegal actions expressed in an attempt to take over the state. administrative bodies of the Republic of Karakalpakstan. The demonstrators were protesting the planned removal of the section of the current constitution that allows Karakalpakstan the right to secede from Uzbekistan by referendum. This has caused outrage among the ethnic Karakalpak, who make up the majority of the population of Karakalpakstan. Karakalpaks from neighboring Kazakhstan held a round table discussion on the proposed change. One speaker, Rustem Matekov, stated that the day of the referendum on the new version of the constitution will be “the day of the funeral of the people of the Republic of Karakalpakstan”. However, the president of Uzbekistan, Shavkat Mirziyoyev, has challenged this view, saying: We, two peoples, have become one, we are blood relatives. Previously, the regions did not know the streets of Karakalpakstan or Nukus, but now we work as one people, the youth of Karakalpakstan achieve great results. […] I respect the Karakalpak people with all my heart and I can proudly say that I am a son not only of the Uzbeks, but also of the Karakalpak people. Removal is not the only proposal on the table. Other proposals include strengthening civil rights and extending the presidential term from five to seven years, which would allow Mirziyoyev to run again despite having served two consecutive terms.

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US Supreme Court overturns lower court injunctions on state abortion laws – JURIST

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On Thursday, the US Supreme Court struck down three orders issued by lower courts in Arizona, Indiana and Arkansas that had invalidated abortion at the state level based on Roe v. Wade. This follows the Supreme Court’s reversal of Roe last Friday. The now-overturned Arizona ruling had stopped a state law criminalizing abortions performed on fetuses with non-lethal genetic abnormalities, of which Down syndrome is one. The injunction targeted relevant portions of four clauses of Senate Bill 1457, which makes it a felony for a physician to perform an abortion “knowing that the abortion is sought solely because of a genetic abnormality of the child.” The law also requires the doctor to sign an affidavit stating that the abortion is not performed for this reason and to inform the patient of the illegality of abortions due to genetic abnormalities. Finally, it requires doctors to inform the State when a genetic abnormality has been detected. This law was challenged in Brnovich v. Isaacson in 2021, and the injunction was upheld by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Arkansas’s 2019 ruling in Little Rock Planning Services v. Rutledge passed three laws that prohibited abortion in various circumstances. Arkansas Code, Title 20, Chapter 26, Law 493 prohibits abortions after 18 weeks of gestation, with exceptions for medical emergencies and pregnancies resulting from rape or incest. Law 619 prohibits all abortions solely on the basis of having a reason to believe that the fetus has Down syndrome, with the same exceptions. Law 700 requires that the person performing an abortion be a doctor licensed in obstetrics and gynecology. The federal court order of these laws was upheld by the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals. In Indiana, a 2017 ruling in the case of Box v. Planned Parenthood of Indiana and Kentucky had mandated a law that prohibited abortions before 20 weeks in several cases. . The law, Indiana Code Chapter 16-34-4, prohibits abortions before 20 weeks if the abortion was for demographic, sexual, or fetal disability reasons. Specifically, abortion is prohibited if sought because of the possibility of a genetically inherited disease, defect, or disorder, whether or not it has been screened for or any risk is present. This includes, but is not limited to, Down syndrome and any mental, physical and intellectual disabilities. Abortions related to the sex of the fetus, or its race, color, national origin, or ancestry, are also prohibited. The Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld the injunction. The three laws imposed by the precautionary measures will take effect immediately. These cases will be sent back to the lower court for further proceedings.

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