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Dispatch from Afghanistan: ‘Just a few hours ago, a landmine hit Taliban forces in Kabul. In fact, I saw the explosion. – JURIST

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Law students and lawyers in Afghanistan are reporting with JURIST on the situation there after the Taliban takeover. Here, a law student in Kabul reports on the rapidly increasing number of terrorist airstrikes and bombings in Afghanistan (including one he personally witnessed on Friday) that have killed or injured at least 400 people in the past four days. For privacy and security reasons, we are withholding the name of our correspondent. The text has only been slightly edited to respect the author’s voice. “Afghans have been forced to suffer through their own petty disputes unresolved for years; Persians (Tajiks), Pathans, Hazaras and Uzbeks have been in conflict for decades.” This is a generally accepted perspective on Afghans; it was even perpetuated when President Biden said that when there was no chance of unifying Afghans, he withdrew US forces from Afghanistan. However, when delving into the historical events of decades of war, a different pattern emerges; a pattern where every time an insurgent group emerges, financial support and a flow of foreign money follows. When the Afghans fought against the communists, Saudi Arabia and the US each. The Pakistanis, and also the Soviets, abused the existence of cultural ties to provoke internal conflicts between the insurgent groups. Later, Pakistani truckers’ unions financed the Taliban to help them reach northern markets in Soviet countries, essentially creating a mess that no one would know how to clean up. In recent days, two Afghan cities, Kunar and Khost, have been bombed by Pakistani planes. At least 47 civilians, including women and children, were killed and 23 others seriously injured in these attacks. Another 6 people were shot dead by Pakistan border police when protesters against these airstrikes “allegedly” got too close to the border. In another incident, an ISS-K member claimed to have fired dozens of rockets from the Afghan border at military posts in Uzbekistan; in response, planes from Uzbekistan entered Afghan soil and flew over the city of Hairtan in Balkh province. On April 19, the ISS attacked a Shiite school, killing about 130 schoolchildren and wounding many others in two explosions. On April 21, four bomb attacks were reported across the country, the first in Kabul killing at least five people, another in Nangarhar killing four Taliban, a third on an official transport in Kunduz killing 11 people, and the latest in a Shiite district. mosque in Balkh killing at least 80 people and injuring more than 100 people, the numbers continue to rise. Subsequently, a young man out of anger against the Taliban attacked them in the city, killing seven Taliban, including a commander; Later, the Taliban killed him in a shootout and his body was carried through the city. Today, Friday April 22, the National Resistance Front killed 8 Taliban in 3 separate attacks. Also today, ISS-K carried out a suicide bomber attack on a mosque in Kunduz that killed at least 50 people and injured at least 40 others. Since this was only a few hours ago, the numbers could change. And finally, just a few hours ago, a landmine hit Taliban forces in Kabul. In fact, I saw the explosion. He was about 40-50 meters from me. The target appeared to be a Taliban vehicle. The explosion was big for someone who hasn’t encountered many, though it was small compared to the others in the past few days. History tends to repeat itself; these past few days have made it clear that too many players are involved in this game. Dozens of extremist groups are active. By its very nature, the Taliban government is a heavenly Petri dish in which extremists can grow. Recalling the Afghan war against the Soviets, it’s safe to suspect that every player in this brutal game is backed and financed elsewhere, including the Taliban. As the first phase of the proxy war against the Soviets and the conflict with the Taliban, many groups were financed, sometimes by the superpower giant itself, to fight each other and other groups. Currently, more than 20 terrorist groups are active in Afghanistan, including Al-Qaida, ISS, the Islamic movement of Uzbakistan, the Taliban movement of Pakistan, and the currently ruling Afghan Taliban. The inevitable question has to be asked: who are these people? Who finances them? And because? The United States is not known for being a bystander in this region, so the question of where it stands on this has puzzled many political commentators. However, it is believed that if the US administration is going to pick a side, it will most likely be the National Resistance Force, as it has been issuing a message in accordance with international law and human rights and he has allied himself with important members of the Republic. figures, as well as members of the former Afghan national army. It is suspected to be the dominant force against the Taliban for now. But if a dominant force does not emerge from this mess, the Taliban will simply lose territory in all corners of the country and arbitrary groups will gain control here and there, which would also be in conflict with each other. In these circumstances, the NRF would need to not only confront the Taliban, but also fight other extremist groups, and the same goes for the Taliban themselves. The prospect of a war with too many sides that would undoubtedly devastate the country is terrifying.

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US Supreme Court Adds Controversial Election Case to October 2022 Docket – JURIST

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The US Supreme Court announced Thursday that it will hear a controversial election case dealing with an emerging legal theory based on the election clause of the US Constitution. The theory claims that, under the election clause, State legislatures have unlimited power to determine electoral policy and implementation, and that state courts or state constitutions cannot control that power. map, which was previously struck down by state courts and replaced with a court-ordered map to be used for the 2022 midterm elections. The court found that the original map violated the clause in the state constitution that protects the fairness of the election by giving Republicans an unfair advantage. The court previously declined to hear the emergency case, but Justices Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch and Clarence Thomas signaled a willingness to consider the new legal theory in their dissent. Judge Alito, writing in the dissent, said: Both sides make serious arguments, but based on the report we have received, my opinion is that the petitioners’ argument is stronger. The question being presented is one of federal and not state law because the state legislature, in enacting rules for congressional elections, is acting pursuant to a constitutional mandate under the Electoral Clause. Carolyn Shapiro, a law professor and founder and co-director of the Chicago-Kent College of the US Supreme Court Law Institute, took issue with the Justice’s interpretation, saying that “legislatures are created by constitutions. Their powers are defined by the constitutions. How those powers interact with other branches of state government is defined by state constitutions. The limitations of those powers are defined by state constitutions.”

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Trump Affiliated Businessman Sentenced to 20 Months in Prison for Political Donation Crimes – JURIST

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The Justice Department said Wednesday that Lev Parnas, a businessman involved in the Trump-Ukraine affair, was sentenced to 20 months in prison on multiple counts related to soliciting donations from a foreign national. Parnas was convicted on charges of “conspiring to make political contributions of a foreign national in conjunction with soliciting and aiding and abetting the making thereof, conspiracy to make fictitious donations, participation in a wire fraud conspiracy, and making false statements and falsifying records. Parnas will also pay more than $2 million in restitution. The charges of making political contributions by a foreign national stem from events that occurred in March 2018. Parnas and other associates wanted to launch a business to obtain retail marijuana licenses in the US. The group turned over hundreds of thousands of dollars in political contributions before the 2018 election to curry favor with anyone who could help Parnas and his associates obtain these licenses. Parnas and an associate made a donation of $325,000 and falsely claimed that the donation was from Global Power Producers (GEP). Parnas also lied about the fact that he was receiving bogus donations and the contributions were not his own money. The fraud guarantee charges are from between 2012 and 2019. Parnas planned to defraud several people by convincing them to invest in his company. He said the contributions would be used solely for his business. Instead, the payments were withdrawn in cash, placed in personal bank accounts, and used for personal expenses. Damian Williams, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, stated: “Parnas also defrauded the American public by pumping Russian money into US elections and lying about the origin of funds for political contributions. My office will continue to aggressively prosecute those who put their personal and financial benefit above their country and their investors.” The office’s Public Corruption Unit is handling the Parnas case.

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Indonesian parliament passes law to create more provinces in Papua amid fears of government crackdown – JURIST

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The Indonesian People’s Representative Council on Thursday approved legislation to establish three new provinces in the Papua region. The decision was made during the 26th plenary session when all members unanimously agreed to pass three bills that established the new provinces. Currently, the easternmost region of Indonesia is divided into two regions, Papua and West Papua. However, it will now be divided into five provinces. The three new provinces have been named, South Papua Province with Merauke as its capital, Central Papua Province with Nabire as its capital, and Papua Mountains Province with Jaya wijaya as its capital. Ahmad Doli Kurnia Tandjung, Chairperson of the Council Commission, stated that: The purpose of partitioning Papua is to speed up equitable development, speed up the improvement of public services, speed up community welfare and uplift the dignity of the indigenous people of Papua. Papua. Taking into account political, administrative and legal aspects, socio-cultural unity, human resource preparation, basic infrastructure, economic capacity, future developments and aspirations of the Papuan people. Veronica Koman of Amnesty International Australia expressed concern about how the legislation would affect Papuans. She said that by “cutting and dividing Papua into smaller administrative units, [the Indonesian government] hopes to divide and conquer Papuan identity and resistance.”

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