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Clash in Armenia between police and protesters opposed to Azerbaijan’s border policy leaves 50 injured – JURIST

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Several policemen and protesters were injured in the Armenian capital on Friday during protests over the Armenian government’s handling of the Nagorno-Karabakh border dispute with Azerbaijan. Thirty-four police officers and 16 protesters were injured during the Yerevan demonstrations. The Armenian Ministry of Health confirmed that four people are still hospitalized for their injuries, but all other injured have been treated and released. Armenian police say the protesters began the violence by throwing “bottles, stones and metal objects” at law enforcement. However, Ishkhan Saghatelyan, deputy chairman of the Armenian National Assembly and a member of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation party, claims that the police initiated the violence, stating that “[t]Complaints against arrested and detained citizens are unfounded or illegal. Parallel to this, the Internet and the media are inundated with evidence confirming the lawlessness, atrocities and inhumane treatment of police officers.” In a police update issued on Sunday, police deny Saghatelyan’s claim and say he did not resort to any violence, using only lights, sounds and tear gas to disperse the crowd. the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War. The Second Nagorno-Karabakh War with Azerbaijan started in 2020, when Azerbaijan started bombing the region. Nagorno-Karabakh is officially recognized as part of Azerbaijan, but has been claimed by the Armenian-backed breakaway state of Artsakh since the First Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1988. Armenia and Azerbaijan reached a ceasefire in November 2020, which included the surrender of the occupied territories surrounding Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan. Protests began immediately after the ceasefire, with protesters storming and occupying government buildings and calling for the removal of the Prime Minister for handing over the region. They have continued ever since, with demonstrations significantly increasing attendance beginning in April 2022, led in part by Saghatelyan. Saghatelyan has been criticized for his role in Friday’s protests by many in the opposition Civil Contract party, with the party’s leader, Vahagn Aleksanyan, saying: Ishkhan Saghatelyan…provoked protesters to take obviously illegal, provocative actions. and condemnable. After his call “women and children must move aside, there is no closed street in front of us, we are going to the National Assembly” the protesters began to push, hit, throw stones and other objects in the direction of the police . There are dozens of hospitalized police officers who received injuries of varying severity from the throwing of stones and other objects. Without a doubt, Ishkhan Saghatelyan and the other leaders are fully responsible for what happened.

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German court sentences 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard to 5 years in prison – JURIST

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Germany’s Neuruppin Regional Court in Brandenburg on Tuesday convicted a 101-year-old former Nazi concentration camp guard of 3,518 counts of accessory to murder and sentenced him to five years in prison. Former SS guard Josef Schuetz was indicted for his involvement in the “execution by firing squad of Soviet prisoners of war in 1942” and for operating the gas chambers at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Josef denied all the alleged charges and claimed that he worked as a farm laborer near Pasewalk in northeast Germany. However, the court began the trial last year in October. Judge Udo Lechtermann noted that the defendant “voluntarily supported mass extermination” in his role. He further said: The court is satisfied that you worked as a guard in the concentration camp for about three years, despite your claims to the contrary. You saw how deported people were cruelly tortured and killed there every day for three years. Sachsenhausen saw 200,000 people imprisoned, with at least 30,000 deaths. Joseph is considered the oldest person to be convicted of Holocaust crimes. Previously, a 93-year-old former guard was convicted of 5,232 murders and a 95-year-old former field secretary was charged with 10,000 counts of accessory to murder, rulings pending. Joseph can appeal his sentence to the Federal Court of Justice within a week.

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UN Fact Finding Mission reports serious human rights violations in Libya – JURIST

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The UN Independent Fact Finding Mission (IFFM) on Libya reported Wednesday that Libyan authorities have committed crimes against humanity, war crimes and serious human rights violations under international law. The FFM was formed in June 2020 to document human rights violations in Libya and to ensure that those responsible are held accountable. FFM conducted 103 interviews with victims and witnesses during its investigation. FFM documented 27 places of detention in the eastern and western parts of Libya and reported that migrants were subjected to the “systematic use of prolonged arbitrary detention”, including the detention of thousands of migrants in secret and extra-legal prisons. The report highlights the atrocities of women facing sexual violence by human smugglers and smugglers for extorting money from their families and documents more cases of rape in places of detention or captivity in which migrant women are forced to have sex. to survive, in exchange for food or other essential goods. articles.FFM with the use of UNOSAT satellite image-based analysis documented the atrocities during the reign of the Al-Kaniyat militia in Tarhuna, Tripolitania region, and reported the discovery of new uncovered mass graves.Mohammad Aujjar, president of the FFM He said: The mission calls on the international community to support the relevant Libyan authorities in conducting prompt investigations, in accordance with international standards, into the alleged violations and bringing those responsible to justice. The goal is to end the prevailing impunity in the face of clear and persistent patterns of serious human rights violations, in many cases perpetrated by militia groups… Now more than ever, the Libyan people need a strong commitment to help bring peace and justice to his country, and establish a state based on the rule of law and human rights. The FFM published its first report on Libya in October 2022, and then published a follow-up report in March 2022.

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Two more charged for the death of 53 migrants in Texas – JURIST

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US authorities on Wednesday charged two additional suspects in the deaths of several dozen immigrants whose bodies were discovered in a truck in San Antonio, Texas, on Monday. These latest charges are in addition to charges filed Tuesday against two men suspected of involvement in the incident. The San Antonio Police Department discovered a truck carrying about 100 immigrants across the border on Monday. Piles of bodies were found inside the truck with the remaining victims collapsed next to it. In total, 39 men and 12 women died in the incident. Charges were filed Wednesday against the alleged truck driver, Homero Zamorano, as well as an alleged co-conspirator, Christian Martinez. Zamorano was charged with one count of alien smuggling resulting in death, while Martinez was charged with a single count of conspiracy to transport illegal immigrants. Given the incident’s status as the deadliest migrant smuggling incident on record in the United States, the US Department of Justice announced that if the defendants are convicted, they will face life in prison or capital punishment. Due to the incident, Republican Texas Governor Greg Abbott told reporters at a Wednesday news conference that the state will immediately begin additional truck checkpoints like the one found in San Antonio to prevent a recurrence. a similar tragedy.

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